Home Neoplasma Ahead of print Neoplasma Vol.63, No.2, p.215-222, 2016

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ISSN 0028-2685
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Neoplasma Vol.63, No.2, p.215-222, 2016

Title: Anti-tumor role of Bacillus subtilis fmbJ-derived fengycin on human colon cancer HT29 cell line
Author: W. CHENG, Y. Q. FENG, J. REN, D. JING, C. WANG


To explore the potential clinical anti-tumor roles of Bacillus subtilis fmbJ-derived fengycin on cell growth and apoptosis in colon cancer HT29 cell line.
Fengycin was extracted from Bacillus subtilis fmbJ and detected using HPLC. The effects of different concentration of fengycin on colon cell HT29 cell activity at different time points were analyzed using MTT assay. ROS level in colon HT29 cells affected by fengycin was detected using DCFH-DA method, followed by measuring the effects of fengycin on HT29 cell apoptosis and cell cycle by flow cytometry. The effects of fengycin on Bax/Bcl-2, CDK4/cyclin D1, Caspase-6 and Caspase-3 expressions in HT29 cells were analyzed using western blot. Also, mRNA levels of Bax/Bcl-2 and CDK4/cyclin D1 in HT29 cells affected by fengycin were analyzed using qRT-PCR.
Compared with controlss, 20 μg/mL of fengycin performed an inhibit role on HT29 cell growth of at 3 day (P<0.05), and high dose of fengycin showed more excellent effect on inhibiting HT29 cell growth with time increasing. Besides, fengycin could induce HT29 cell apoptosis and affect the cell cycle arrest at G1. ROS level in HT29 cells treated by fengycin was significantly increased compared with that in control group (P<0.05). Western blot analysis showed that after being treated with fengycin, Bax, Caspase-3, and Caspase-6 expressions were increased, however, Bcl-2, and CDK4/cyclin D1 expressions were decreased (P<0.05).

Our study suggested that fengycin may play certain inhibit roles in the development and progression of colon cancer through involving in the cell apoptosis and cell cycle processes by targeting the Bax/Bcl-2 pathway.

Keywords: colon cancer cell line HT29, fengycin, cell apoptosis, reactive oxygen species, Bax/Bcl-2 pathway
Published online: 16-Jan-2016
Year: 2016, Volume: 63, Issue: 2 Page From: 215, Page To: 222

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