Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2016 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.116, No.3, p.125–132, 2016

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2

 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.116, No.3, p.125–132, 2016

Title: Management of aortic graft infections – the present strategy and future perspectives
Author: V. Treska, B. Certik, J. Molacek

Abstract: Aortic graft infections (AGI) are serious complications of open and endovascular types of surgery with an incidence rate of 0.6–3 %. AGI are associated with 30–60 % perioperative mortality and 40–60 % morbidity rate with limb amputation rates between 10 % and 40 %. The economic cost of AGI is substantial. At the time of aortic reconstruction, almost 90 % of patients have one or more predisposing factors for AGI. The diagnosis is based on clinical symptomatology, laboratory markers, microbial cultures, and imaging modalities. The general principle of surgical treatment lies in the removal of infected graft, debridement of infected periprosthetic tissues, and vascular reconstruction by in situ or extra-anatomic bypass with long-term antibiotic therapy. The conservative treatment is used only for selected patients with endograft infection. This review summarizes the current knowledge about the incidence, predisposing factors, etiology, diagnosis, treatment options, and prevention of aortic vascular graft and endograft infections. With the growing number of endovascular procedures we can expect more cases of infected aortic endografts in patients with severe comorbidities in the near future, where the recent radical surgical approach (graft excision, debridement, and new revascularization) cannot be used. Therefore the less invasive, sophisticated and individualized treatment strategies will have to be used in search of the best therapeutic approach to each specific patient (Fig. 4, Ref. 82).

Keywords: aortic graft infections, incidence, etiology, management, treatment perspectives
Published online: 24-Feb-2016
Year: 2016, Volume: 116, Issue: 3 Page From: 125, Page To: 132
doi:10.4149/BLL_2016_024


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