Home Neoplasma 2016 Neoplasma Vol.63, No.4, p.607-616,2016

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.63, No.4, p.607-616,2016

Title: Efficacy of intra-arterial neoadjuvant chemotherapy through the superior epigastric artery in the treatment of locally advanced triple negative breast cancer
Author: H. Y. JIN, W. HE, Q. LIU, X. F. WANG, Y. F. LIU, Z. X. WEI

Abstract: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is associated with aggressive behaviour and poor prognosis, but has limited treatment options. To explore novel and effective therapies against TNBC, we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of neoadjuvant intra-arterial chemotherapy through the superior epigastric artery in the treatment of locally advanced TNBC. Fifty-one locally advanced TNBC patients who received this neoadjuvant therapy from Mar 2001 to Mar 2012 were included in this study. The superior epigastric artery was selected for cannulation to deliver chemotherapy drugs. The regimen for intra-arterial chemoinfusion consisted of 75 mg/m2 epirubicin and 75 mg/m2 docetaxel. Clinical and pathological tumor responses, disease free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity profiles were recorded and retrospectively analyzed. In 51 patients treated with neoadjuvant intra-arterial chemoinfusion through the superior epigastric artery, the overall response rate (ORR) was 84.3%; 16 patients achieved pathological complete response (pCR). Following surgical treatment and adjuvant chemotherapy, 5-year DFS and OS were 72.4% and 75.9%, respectively, in the study population. In addition, this neoadjuvant approach showed favorable toxicity profiles. Moreover, patients who achieved pCR showed a superior survival outcome compared with those who did not. Cox regression analysis indicated that Ki-67 expression is an independent predictor for DFS and OS. Our results suggest that intra-arterial chemotherapy through the superior epigastric artery has great therapeutic potential for the treatment of locally advanced TNBC. This approach merits further clinical evaluation and may become a novel therapeutic option for locally advanced TNBC.

Keywords: intra-arterial infusion, superior epigastric artery, locally advanced triple negative breast cancer, Ki67 expression
Published online: 14-Jul-2016
Year: 2016, Volume: 63, Issue: 4 Page From: 607, Page To: 616

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