Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2016 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.117, No.6, p.351-354, 2016

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Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.117, No.6, p.351-354, 2016

Title: Are there any effects of Sevoflurane and Desflurane anaesthesia on blood glucose levels in acute hyperglycemic diabetic rats?
Author: B. Dikmen, A. H. Arpaci, D. Kalayci, I. Gunes, E. Beskardes, O. Kurtipek, M. Arslan

Abstract: AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate blood glucose level of desflurane and sevoflurane on blood glucose in diabetic rats undergoing acute hyperglycemia.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 30 male Wistar albino rats were included. Diabetes was induced by a single IP injection of streptozotocin. After the effects of chronic diabetes encountered, diabetic rats were randomly assigned into diabetic control (group DC), diabetic hyperglycemia group (group DH), diabetic hyperglycemia group with desflurane (group DH-D), and diabetic hyperglycemia group with sevoflurane (group DH-S) groups. The normoglycemic groups received an IP injection of the same amount of saline. Hyperglycemic diabetic rats were anaesthetized by desflurane 6 % or sevoflurane 2 % at a dose, by which minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) for rats would be one. The drugs were given for 4 hours within 100 % oxygen at a rate of 6 L.min–1. One hour after cessation of inhalation anesthesia, blood glucose levels were determined at 1st, 4th and 24th hours. 24 hours after the anaesthesia.
RESULTS: Serum glucose was detected to be significantly lower in Group C, when compared to Groups DC, DH, DH-D and DH-S (p = 0.002, p = 0.001, p = 0.002, p = 0.003, respectively).
Blood glucose levels in the diabetic groups were similar at the end of 6 weeks period, after hyperglycemia and anaesthesia induction.
CONCLUSION: We found out that sevoflurane and desflurane administrations in hyperglycemic rats were both related with insignificant blood glucose level increase at early post anaesthesia period and at post anaesthesia 24th hours. We still think that patients undergoing anaesthesia protocols with acute hyperglycemia need relatively longer follow up periods (Tab. 1, Ref. 28).

Keywords: diabetes mellitus, acute hyperglycemia, sevoflurane, desflurane, blood glucose level, rat
Published online: 13-Jun-2016
Year: 2016, Volume: 117, Issue: 6 Page From: 351, Page To: 354

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