Home Acta Virologica 2016 Acta Virologica Vol.60, No.3, p.307-315, 2016

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Quarterly, 72-88 pp. per issue
Founded: 1957
ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.60, No.3, p.307-315, 2016

Title: Protective efficacy of a prime-boost protocol using H5-DNA plasmid as prime and inactivated H5N2 vaccine as the booster against the Egyptian avian influenza challenge virus
Author: H. A. HUSSEIN, B. M. AHMED, S. M. ALY, A. H. EL-DEEB, A. A. EL-SANOUSI, M. A. ROHAIM, A. A. ARAFA, M. R. GADALLA

Abstract: In this study, a recombinant DNA plasmid was constructed, encoding for HA1 of a selected Egyptian H5N1 virus (isolated during the 2012 outbreaks). In the immunization and challenge experiments, SPF chickens received 1 or 2 doses of H5-DNA plasmid prime, and boosted with the inactivated H5N2 vaccine. Haemagglutination inhibition (HI) titers, protection levels, and the magnitude of virus shedding were compared to that of the chickens that received either DNA plasmid or inactivated H5N2 vaccine alone. H5N1 virus A/chicken/Egypt/128s/2012 (H5N1) highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) clade 2.2.1/C was used for the challenge. Chickens immunized with 1 or 2 doses of H5-DNA vaccine failed to overcome the challenge with 0% and 10% protection, respectively. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR revealed virus shedding of 2.2 x 104 PCR copies/ml 3 days post challenge (dpc) in the only surviving bird from the group that received 2 doses of plasmid. However, chickens immunized with 1 or 2 doses of H5-DNA plasmid as prime and inactivated H5N2 vaccine as booster, showed 80% protection after challenge, with a viral shedding of 1.2 x 104 PCR copies/ml (1 dose) and 1.6 x 104 PCR copies/ml (2 doses) 3 dpc. The surviving birds in both groups did not shed the virus at 5 and 7 dpc. In H5N2-vaccinated chickens, protection levels were 70% with relatively high virus shedding (1.8 x 104 PCR copies/ml) 3 dpc. HI titers were protective to the surviving chickens. This study reports the efficacy of H5-DNA plasmid to augment reduction in viral shedding and to provide better protection when applied in a prime-boost program with the inactivated AI vaccine.

Keywords: avian H5N1 influenza; inactivated H5N2 vaccine; DNA plasmid; hemagglutinin; prime-boost
Published online: 13-Sep-2016
Year: 2016, Volume: 60, Issue: 3 Page From: 307, Page To: 315
doi:10.4149/av_2016_03_307


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