Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2017 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.118, No.1, p.61-65, 2017

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.118, No.1, p.61-65, 2017

Title: The detection of curcumins’ antitumoral effects via argyrophilic nucleolar organizing region-associated protein synthesis in mice with ehrlich’s ascitic carcinoma
Author: M. Nisari, S. Yilmaz, R. Eroz, T. Ertekin, D. Bircan, H. Ulger

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Curcumin is a polyphenol compound that has antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperlipidemic and antimicrobial effects. Nucleolar-organizing regions are the sites of the gene on chromosomes. The present study was aimed to show the antitumoral effect of curcumin via AgNOR protein synthesis in Ehrlich’s ascitic carcinoma (EAC) bearing mice.
METHODS: Twenty three mice with EAC were randomly divided into 3 groups as positive control (n = 7), group 2 (n = 8) and 3 (n = 8) treated intraperitoneally with curcumin (25 mg/kg) and (50 mg/kg), respectively. The animals were sacrificed on Day 16, the solid tumors were removed out. Then, total AgNOR area/nuclear area (TAA/NA) and the mean AgNOR number were estimated for each mice.
RESULT: Statistically significant differences were determined among the whole groups for TAA/NA ratio (p = 0.000), conversely mean AgNOR number (p = 0.361). When comparingthe two groups; while no difference was determined between the control and curcumin (25 mg/kg) groups (p = 0.061), the significant differences were detected between the control and curcumin (50 mg/kg) groups (p = 0.000) and between curcumin (25 mg/kg) and curcumin (50 mg/kg) groups (p = 0.000) for TAA/NA ratio. However, there was no significant difference for the mean AgNOR number in double comparison of the groups.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study showed that curcumin had a crucial function against cancer development. Also, both AgNOR values might be used as biomarkers for detection of the most reliable therapeutic dose selection of cancer treatment (Tab. 3, Fig. 2, Ref. 27).

Keywords: curcumin, NOR, AgNORs, rDNA, EAC.
Published online: 26-Jan-2017
Year: 2017, Volume: 118, Issue: 1 Page From: 61, Page To: 65

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