Home Acta Virologica 2017 Acta Virologica Vol.61, No.1, p.66-76, 2017

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Quarterly, 72-88 pp. per issue
Founded: 1957
ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

Published in English

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Acta Virologica Vol.61, No.1, p.66-76, 2017

Title: Genome-wide gene expression pattern underlying differential host response to high or low pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza virus in ducks
Author: A. KUMAR, P. VIJAYAKUMAR, P. N. GANDHALE, P. B. RANAWARE, H. KUMAR, D. D. KULKARNI, A. A. RAUT, A. MISHRA

Abstract: The differences in the influenza viral pathogenesis observed between different pathogenic strains are associated with distinct properties of virus strains and the host immune responses. In order to determine the differences in the duck immune response against two different pathogenic strains, we studied genome-wide host immune gene response of ducks infected with A/duck/India/02CA10/2011 and A/duck/Tripura/103597/2008 H5N1 viruses using custom-designed microarray. A/duck/India/02CA10/2011 is highly pathogenic virus (HP) to ducks, whereas A/duck/Tripura/103597/2008 is a low pathogenic (LP) virus strain. Comparative lung tissue transcriptome analysis of differentially expressed genes revealed that 686 genes were commonly expressed, 880 and 1556 genes are expressed uniquely to infection with HP and LP virus, respectively. The up-regulation of chemokines (CCL4 and CXCR4) and IFN-stimulated genes (IFITM2, STAT3, TGFB1 and TGFB3) was observed in the lung tissues of ducks infected with HP virus. The up-regulation of other immune genes (IL17, OAS, SOCS3, MHC I and MHC II) was observed in both infection conditions. The expression of important antiviral immune genes MX, IFIT5, IFITM5, ISG12, β-defensins, RSAD2, EIF2AK2, TRIM23 and SLC16A3 was observed in LP virus infection, but not in HP virus infection. Several immune-related gene ontology terms and pathways activated by both the viruses were qualitatively similar but quantitatively different. Based on these findings, the differences in the host immune response might explain a part of the difference observed in the viral pathogenesis of high and low pathogenic influenza strains in ducks.

Keywords: ducks; avian influenza virus infection; differential host immune response; microarray
Published online: 28-Feb-2017
Year: 2017, Volume: 61, Issue: 1 Page From: 66, Page To: 76
doi:10.4149/av_2017_01_66


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