Home CONTACT Neoplasma 2017 Neoplasma Vol.64, No.3, p.338-343, 2017

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.64, No.3, p.338-343, 2017

Title: Novel strategies for comprehensive mutation screening of the APC gene
Author: L. Wachsmannova, M. Mego, V. Stevurkova, V. Zajac, S. Ciernikova

Abstract: Colorectal cancer is the 4th most common cause of cancer related deaths worldwide and new possibilities in accurate diagnosis and targeted treatment are highly required. Mutations in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene play a pivotal role in adenoma-carcinoma pathway of colorectal tumorigenesis. The quarter century from its´ first cloning, APC became one of the most frequently mutated, known driver genes in colorectal cancer. Intensive routine molecular testing of APC has brought the benefits for patients with family history of polyposis or colorectal cancer. Nevertheless, multiple mutational disease-causing mechanisms make the genetic testing still challenging. This minireview is focused on implementation of novel APC mutation screening diagnostic strategies for polyposis families according to the current findings. A further understanding and improved algorithms may help to increase the mutation detection rate. APC germline mutations achieve close to 100% penetrance, so more comprehensive approach followed by preventive and therapeutic strategies might reflect in decrease in burden of colorectal cancer.

Keywords: colorectal cancer, familial adenomatous polyposis, large deletions, noncoding mutations, molecular diagnostic algorithms
Published online: 12-May-2017
Year: 2017, Volume: 64, Issue: 3 Page From: 338, Page To: 343

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