Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2017 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.118, No.3, p.156-159, 2017

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345
 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.118, No.3, p.156-159, 2017

Title: Does thromboprophylaxis cause bleeding after laparoscopic cholecystectomy?
Author: R. H. Gundogdu, M. Oduncu, B. O. Bozkirli, M. O. Yazicioglu, S. Akbaba

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: This study reports the results of a single center experience on the use of pharmacological venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients.
BACKGROUND: The prevention of VTE is of crucial importance in surgical practice. However, the severity of thromboembolism risk and the necessity of thromboprophylaxis for laparoscopic cholecystectomy is still being debated.
METHODS: The data of the patients, who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelitiasis in a single center between the years 2005 and 2015 were analysed retrospectively for incidents of symptomatic VTE and bleeding complications. Fisher Exact Test was used to compare the outcomes of the patients who did and did not receive thromboprophylaxis.
RESULTS: Of the 1485 patients who were included in the study, 307 (20.67 %) having a low VTE risk, did not receive any thromboprophylaxis; while 1178 (79.33 %) with a medium, high or a very high risk received VTE prophylaxis. A bleeding complication occurred in 14 (1.18 %) patients receiving prophylaxis and in 2 (0.65 %) patients not receiving prophylaxis (p = 0.548). No patients in this study experienced clinically symptomatic VTE.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study indicate that the selective use of thromboprophylaxis does not significantly increase the risk of bleeding after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and probably decreases the incidence of symptomatic thrombotic complications (Ref. 18)

Keywords: laparoscopic cholecystectomy, bleeding, venous thromboemboly, prophylaxis, low molecular weight heparin
Published online: 14-Mar-2017
Year: 2017, Volume: 118, Issue: 3 Page From: 156, Page To: 159
doi:10.4149/BLL_2017_031


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