Home CONTACT Acta Virologica 2017 Acta Virologica Vol.61, No.2, p.131-137, 2017

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ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.61, No.2, p.131-137, 2017

Title: Current status of viral diseases in Indian shrimp aquaculture
Author: G. M. TANDEL, K. RIJI JOHN, M. ROSALIND GEORGE, M. J. PRINCE JEYASEELAN

Abstract: The intensification of aquaculture has been unique in showing the overwhelming changes in global food production in the last 100 years. Presently, it is playing a vital role in the economies of several countries. Conversely, it is also to be noted that the progression of aquaculture has been the foundation of anthropogenic alteration of a gigantic hierarchy and hence not astonishingly, it resulted in spread and emergence of an increasing group of new unknown diseases. In India, Penaeus monodon, black tiger shrimp was previously the foremost-cultivated shrimp species. Subsequently in 2008, the American white leg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei has effectively replaced it. The change in dominant species has affected disease concerns in India as well as in world shrimp aquaculture. White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the most deleterious for both species. Hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV), Monodon baculovirus (MBV) and Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) are the other significant infectious agents of P. monodon and L. vannamei. An emerging disease of loose shell syndrome (LSS) was already reported from India during late 1998. A more recent disease of L. vannamei in India is monodon slow growth syndrome (MSGS), a component of which seems to be Laem-Singh virus (LSNV). Thus, most of the information in this review relates to new emerging pathogens that threaten the cultivation shrimp industry in India.

Keywords: White spot syndrome virus; shrimp aquaculture; virus disease; Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus; Hepatopancreatic parvovirus; Laem-Singh virus; loose shell syndrome
Published online: 19-May-2017
Year: 2017, Volume: 61, Issue: 2 Page From: 131, Page To: 137
doi:10.4149/av_2017_02_01


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