Home CONTACT Acta Virologica 2017 Acta Virologica Vol.61, No.4, p.413-427, 2017

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Founded: 1957
ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.61, No.4, p.413-427, 2017

Title: Tick-borne viruses
Author: P. BARTÍKOVÁ, V. HOLÍKOVÁ, M. KAZIMÍROVÁ, I. ŠTIBRÁNIOVÁ

Abstract: Tick-borne viruses (TBVs) belong to the largest biological group known as arboviruses with unique mode of transmission by blood-feeding arthropods (ticks, mosquitoes, sand flies, biting midges, etc.) to a susceptible vertebrate host. Taxonomically, it is a heterogenous group of vertebrate viruses found in several viral families. With only one exception, African swine fever virus, all TBVs have a RNA genome. To date, at least 160 tick-borne viruses are known, some of them pose a significant threat to human and animal health worldwide. Recently, a number of established TBVs has re-emerged and spread to new geographic locations due to the influence of anthropogenic activities and few available vaccines. Moreover, new emerging tick-borne diseases are constantly being reported. Major advances in molecular biotechnologies have led to discoveries of new TBVs and further genetic characterization of unclassified viruses resulting in changes in TBVs classification created by the International Committee for the Taxonomy of Viruses. Although TBVs spend over 95% of their life cycle within tick vectors and the role of ticks as vectors has been known for over 100 years, our knowledge about TBVs and molecular processes involved in the virus-tick interactions is scarce.

Keywords: virus; tick; transmission
Published online: 17-Nov-2017
Year: 2017, Volume: 61, Issue: 4 Page From: 413, Page To: 427
doi:10.4149/av_2017_403


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