Home Acta Virologica 2018 Acta Virologica Vol.62, No.1, p.58-67, 2018

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Founded: 1957
ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.62, No.1, p.58-67, 2018

Title: Association of Toll-like receptor 4 with hepatitis A virus infection in Assam
Author: P. KASHYAP, M. DEKA, S. MEDHI, S. DUTTA, K. KASHYAP, N. KUMARI

Abstract:

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) which causes liver disease is recognized by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) through the viral nucleic acid, initiating the host defense response. The study aims to analyze the role of TLR4 rs11536889 polymorphism in the pathogenesis of hepatitis A cases from Assam. There was significant correlation between TLR4 SNP G/C (rs11536889) and between acute viral hepatitis (AVH) A cases and controls. The correlation of the 3 different genotypes GG, GC and CC of TLR4 rs11536889 with the TLR4 mRNA expression level in all the HAV cases groups have been found to be statistically significant (p <0.001).

TLR4 expression was most significantly upregulated in the acute HAV cases, HAV with cholestasis cases and even the HAV caused fulminant hepatitis failure (FHF) cases with the CC genotype of TLR4 rs11536889. The upregulation is mostly seen in the cases with the CC genotype of TLR4 rs11536889 and thus indicates that the mutant variant of TLR4 rs11536899 (CC) may have an effect on the expression of TLR4 at the transcription level. Our study did not show any significant association between AVH and HAV caused FHF (p = 0.32, OR = 0; p = 0.59, OR = 2.06 at 95% CI) among the genotypes GG, GC and CC. Our data suggest that TLR4 gene polymorphism rs11536889 may play a prominent role in HAV disease susceptibility and TLR4 expression in population from Assam.



Keywords: polymorphism; real-time PCR; Toll-like receptor; hepatitis A infection; cholestasis; fulminant hepatic failure
Published online: 09-Mar-2018
Year: 2018, Volume: 62, Issue: 1 Page From: 58, Page To: 62
doi:10.4149/av_2018_107


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