Home CUSTOMERS Neoplasma 2018 Neoplasma Vol.65, No.2, p.296-303, 2018

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Neoplasma Vol.65, No.2, p.296-303, 2018

Title: Effect of CALR and JAK2 mutations on the clinical and hematological phenotypes of the disease in patients with myelofibrosis – long-term experience from a single center

Abstract: Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a chronic clonal myeloid disorder. Together with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV), it belongs to a group of Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. An integral part of laboratory tests carried out in this disease group is detecting the presence of mutations in the Janus kinase 2 gene at position 617 (JAK2 V617F) and in the gene encoding for the receptor for thrombopoietin (myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene, MPL) found in approximately 60% of PMF patients. The discovery of mutations affecting exon 9 of the calreticulin (CALR) gene was of great benefit to the diagnosis of the diseases in JAK2 V617F and MPL unmutated cases. This is a study of the effect of a mutation in the CALR gene on the clinical course in patients with primary, post-ET and post-PV myelofibrosis. Analysis of 66 patients (54.5% JAK2 V617F; 34.8% CALR; 6.1% MPL; 3.0% triple negative; 1.5% coincidence of CALR and JAK2 V617F) confirmed a different phenotype of the disease in CALR-mutated patients as compared with CALR-unmutated individuals. Those with CALR mutation were significantly younger and had borderline higher platelet counts, less pronounced splenomegaly and less frequent B symptoms at diagnosis. The study suggests that the driver mutation types define variations in the biological basis, clinical manifestations and course of the disease. The presence of CALR mutation has been shown to be an independent prognostic favorable factor. Careful risk stratification of these patients is of great importance to adequate therapeutic decision-making and aids in selecting high-risk patients eligible  for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation which continues to be the only treatment modality for myelofibrosis having curative potential.

Keywords: myeloproliferative disease, myelofibrosis, calreticulin (CALR), JAK2 V617F
Published online: 13-Mar-2018
Year: 2018, Volume: 65, Issue: 2 Page From: 296, Page To: 303

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