Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2018 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.37, No.2, p.213–221, 2018

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.37, No.2, p.213–221, 2018

Title: Sulfamethoxazole induces zinc changes at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses from pregnant rats
Author: Vanessa N. Corceiro, Fatima C. Bastos, Carlos M. Matias, Jose C. Dionísio, Rosa M. Santos, Luis M. Rosario, Rosa M. Quinta-Ferreira, M. Emilia Quinta-Ferreira

Abstract: The accumulation of intracellular ionic zinc and pharmaceutical compounds, like the antibiotic sulfamethoxazole, may contribute to various neuropathologies. Sulfamethoxazole and the drug trimethoprim, are inhibitors of enzymes involved in the synthesis of tetrahydrofolate and also of carbonic anhydrases. The inhibition of the latter enzymes, which are localized both intra- and extracellularly and have a key role in pH regulation, causes alkalinization that is associated with higher spontaneous transmitter release. Intense synaptic stimulation causes the entry of released zinc into postsynaptic neurons, through glutamate receptor channels or voltage dependent calcium channels. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of sulfamethoxazole (180 µM) on basal postsynaptic zinc and to compare it with that caused by two depolarizing media, containing high potassium or tetraethylammonium, which may induce long term synaptic plasticity. The studies were performed in brain slices from gestating rats, at the mossy fiber synapses from hippocampal CA3 area, using the zinc indicator Newport Green. In the presence of KCl (20 mM) and sulfamethoxazole (180 µM) the zinc signals were enhanced, unlike in tetraethylammonium (25 mM). After sulfamethoxazole the tetraethylammonium evoked zinc signal had reduced amplitude. Thus, the data suggests that sulfamethoxazole enhances transmitter release affecting synaptic zinc physiology.

Keywords: Sulfamethoxazole — Synaptic zinc — KCl and TEA evoked depolarizations — Newport Green
Published online: 27-Mar-2018
Year: 2018, Volume: 37, Issue: 2 Page From: 213, Page To: 221
doi:10.4149/gpb_2017037
Price: 18.00 €






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