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Title: The aberrant activation of the Wnt pathway caused by β-catenin mutation and its prognostic significance in NK/T-cell lymphoma
Author: B. B. Qin, D. F. Tang, M. L. Ni, W. Gao, M. Z. Zhang


The aberrant activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signal has an important role in the progression of cancers. Herein, we investigated β-catenin mutation and the activation of the Wnt pathway in association with the clinical-pathological characteristics, chemo-resistance and prognosis of NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL). Real-time quantitative PCR, immunocytochemistry and immunohistochemistry SP methods detected the levels of β-catenin, c-myc and cyclin D1 in human NKTCL cell lines (SNK-6 and YTS) and NKTCL tissues. Mutation analysis was detected in exon 3 of β-catenin gene; and we analyzed cell viability after histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) treatment. As a result, 19 (38%) of NK/T-cell lymphoma displayed nuclear β-catenin and 16 (32%) contained mutations in exon 3; while no mutations were detected in lymphomas negative for β-catenin nuclear staining (P<0.05). Most mutations affecting β-catenin were adjacent to regulatory phosphorylation sites. β-catenin, c-myc and cyclin D1 were significantly elevated in SNK-6 and YTS cell lines compared to normal NK/T cells (P<0.05). Furthermore, the high expression of β-catenin, c-myc and cyclin D1 significantly correlated with the III/IV Ann Arbor stage. Additionally, the expression of β-catenin in the SNK-6 cell line decreased significantly after treatment with HDACi, and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the elevated expression of β-catenin correlated with poor prognosis in NKTCL patients (23.66±2.77 months vs 31.65±1.78 months, P=0.023).

In conclusion: mutations in exon 3 of β-catenin and the activated Wnt pathway are common in NK/T-cell lymphoma that has nuclear β-catenin, and it is closely correlated with the Ann Arbor stage and prognosis in NKTCL patients.

Keywords: NK/T cell lymphoma, Wnt pathway, β-catenin mutation, chemoresistence, prognosis
Published online: 17-Oct-2018
Year: , Volume: , Issue: Page From: , Page To:

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