Home CUSTOMERS Acta Virologica 2018 Acta Virologica Vol.62, No.4, p.441-446, 2018

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Founded: 1957
ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.62, No.4, p.441-446, 2018

Title: The effects of nucleotide usage in key nucleotide positions +4 and -3 flanking start codon on translation levels mediated by IRES of hepatitis C virus
Author: P. Ma, X.-X. Ma, Q.-Y. Chang, L.-J. Li, Y.-N. Wang, Y.-P. Feng, Z.-R. Ma, J.-H. Zhou

Abstract: Internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) functions as a cis-acting RNA element, which drives an alternative and cap-independent translation initiation pathway. Currently, there are few studies on effects of nucleotide usages at key nucleotide positions +4 and -3 flanking start codon mediated by IRES of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Herein, we focus on the effect of nucleotide usages at -3 and +4 positions mediated by HCV IRES. The nucleotide contexts flanking AUG start codon employed by HCV IRES is firstly analyzed. We found that each position in the six nucleotide positions (-4 to +6) flanking start codon of HCV has a strong tendency to select the specific nucleotide. A set of bicistronic expression vectors containing CAT gene, HCV IRES and EGFP gene were constructed, including 16 different nucleotide combinations at position -3 and +4. Each set, in which nucleotide at the -3 and +4 position has been changed into different nucleotides, included 16 types of bicistronic expression vectors. It was found that the purine nucleotide at the position -3 or +4 obviously impacts on HCV IRES-related expression, and IRES-driven translation is potentially influenced by the Kozak rule. Our results suggest that optimization of nucleotides at positions -3 and +4 is a convenient and efficient way to enhance the level of IRES-mediated translation.

Keywords: Cap-independent translation; internal ribosomal entry site; hepatitis C virus; bicistronic expression vector; translation efficiency
Published online: 23-Nov-2018
Year: 2018, Volume: 62, Issue: 4 Page From: 441, Page To: 446
doi:10.4149/av_2018_413


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