Home HOME Acta Virologica 2019 Acta Virologica Vol.63, No.2, p.139-148, 2019

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E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.63, No.2, p.139-148, 2019

Title: Characterization and in silico proteomic analysis of C2 and C3 proteins of squash leaf curl China virus associated with pumpkin leaf curl disease in Assam, India
Author: G. M. BALDODIYA, K. DEVI, B. K. BORAH, P. D. NATH, M. K. MODI

Abstract: The pumpkin leaf curl disease is an emerging disease of pumpkin in Assam, India. Symptomatic pumpkin leaf samples from different locations were immunologically tested using Begomovirus specific antibody. PCR with the ELISA-positive samples, using Geminivirus universal primers amplified 1.4 kb virus-specific fragments. Sequence of these amplicons showed around 95% identity with squash leaf curl China virus-[Pumpkin: Varanasi] (SLCCV-Pumpkin: Varanasi EU573715). To investigate the possible functions of the viral proteins present in the fragment, the full-length C2 and C3 genes were conceptually translated and were subjected to in silico proteomic analyses. The phylogenetic analysis of both the proteins divulged the relationship of our isolate with related viruses and isolates. Multiple sequence alignment (MSA) of the proteins revealed the presence of the known viral conserved motifs, viz., zinc-finger (ZNF) motif [36CXCX(7)CX(6)H53], the arginine-rich nuclear localization signal (NLS) motif (28RRRR31) as well as the minimal activation domain in C2 protein. In the C3 protein, the 91LKYLD95 and the replication enhancer motif (30YFK32) were found to be conserved. Finally, 3-D models of the two proteins were predicted via ab initio approach and subsequently, the models were validated. To our knowledge, this study is a pioneering attempt to construct the ab initio 3-D models of two begomoviral proteins taking a SLCCV isolate as a model.

Keywords: begomovirus; ELISA; ZNF motif; NLS motif; ab initio modelling
Published online: 03-May-2019
Year: 2019, Volume: 63, Issue: 2 Page From: 139, Page To: 148
doi:10.4149/av_2019_202


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