Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2019 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.6, p.443–448, 2019

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.6, p.443–448, 2019

Title: The role of sex hormones and social determinants in assessment of facial attractiveness
Author: N. Passakova, P. Celec, R. Gardlik

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The current study is focused on assessing the factors of attractiveness of opposite-sex individuals based on evaluating photographs of their faces.
BACKGROUND: When assessing the attractiveness, factors of both, the assessed individual and the assessor play a role. The relationship of the preference for partners based on their physical appearance with the markers of prenatal testosterone is not fully understood.
METHODS: Sex hormone levels were measured in saliva, while age, social status, income and occupation were recorded. A total of 30 women and 35 men were enrolled.
RESULTS: The identified factors determining the attractiveness of menare their age and prenatal testosterone level (second-to-fourth digit ratio – 2D:4D). The attractiveness of men is more influenced by the factors of evaluating women, namely the rating assigned to the men positively correlates with age, 2D:4D, and salivary estradiol of the evaluating women. The attractiveness of women correlated negatively with age and positively with prenatal exposure to androgens (2D:4D).The women with lower estradiol were rated higher by men who themselves had low estradiol levels. The attractiveness did not correlate with current testosterone.
CONCLUSION: This study contributes to the knowledge on the role of sex hormones in human sexuality and partner choice. Further studies should include genetic factors of testosterone metabolism. (Tab. 4, Ref. 23).

Keywords: facial attractiveness, second-to-fourth digit ratio, 2D:4D, testosterone, estradiol
Published online: 21-Jun-2019
Year: 2019, Volume: 120, Issue: 6 Page From: 443, Page To: 448

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