Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2019 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.7, p.523–526, 2019

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345
 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.7, p.523–526, 2019

Title: Circadian pain assessment in neonates from a nurse’s perspective
Author: H. Padysakova

Abstract: Objectives: Circadian rhythms modulate the activity of pain pathways. But there appears to be a lack of understanding of how the perception of pain varies in neonates during the day. To assess circadian variations in pain perception we analyzed intensities of pain at 3 h intervals in neonates (within 24 hours). We also followed up the nursing interventions practiced for pain reduction and their effectivity within a day.
Methods: We have analyzed the clinical observations of pain in 16 neonates during 62 days of hospitalization (with Mean = 3.87, Min = 1, Max = 19). The pain was assessed by a modification of the Comfort scale supplemented with Wong-Baker scale. Procedure used for acute pain elimination was administration of 24% sucrose to the neonates. This procedure was centralized and performed in an incubator or neonatal bed.
Results: We confirmed statistically significant difference in pain scores in our group of neonates at 10:00 am, 4:00 pm, 4:00 am as compared to 10:00 pm (p values being 0.02603; 0.02885, 0.01673). The pain score was highest at 10:00 pm (Mean = 18.86, Max = 34) and at 1:00 am (Mean = 18.89, Max = 33). There was no significant difference in the pain score at 10:00 pm and 1:00 am (p = 0.2951).
Conclusion: The results of our studies provided further evidence of circadian rhythm in the pain scores in neonates. A better understanding of circadian control of pain in neonates can help promote a more frequent use of time-contingent pain treatment strategies to help improve neonates care (Tab. 1, Fig. 2, Ref. 28)

Keywords: circadian rhythm, neonate, nursing care, pain, the Comfort scale
Published online: 12-Jul-2019
Year: 2019, Volume: 120, Issue: 7 Page From: 523, Page To: 526
doi:10.4149/BLL_2019_084


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