Home Neoplasma 2019 Neoplasma Vol.66, No.6, p.887–895, 2019

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ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.66, No.6, p.887–895, 2019

Title: Sevoflurane inhibits migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells by regulating microRNA-34a/ADAM10 axis
Author: S. Q. Sun, L. J. Ren, J. Liu, P. Wang, S. M. Shan

Abstract: Sevoflurane is frequently used volatile anesthetic in cancer surgery. It has been suggested that treatment with sevoflurane could suppress migration and invasion of several human cancer cells in vitro. However, the effects of sevoflurane on colorectal cancer (CRC) remain largely unclear. In this study, CRC HCT116 and SW480 cells were treated by various concentrations of sevoflurane. MTT assay and Transwell assay were applied to evaluate the cell viability, migration and invasion abilities of CRC cell lines, respectively. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to examine the expression level of miR-34a, and western blot assay was employed to detect the protein level of ADAM10. The target interaction between miR-34a and ADAM10 was verified through bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter gene assay system. Aberrant inhibitory effects induced by sevoflurane on the cell viability, migration and invasion abilities of HCT116 and SW480 cells in a dose-dependent manner were observed. Upregulation of miR-34a strikingly suppressed the cell proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of the two cell lines. Sevoflurane could facilitate the miR-34a expression and its suppressive effects on CRC cells were reversed by pre-treatment with miR-34a inhibitors. ADAM10 was identified as a downstream gene of miR-34a, downregulated by miR-34a. Overexpression of ADAM10 reverted both miR-34a and sevoflurane-induced repression in the cell proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of CRC cells. Our data showed sevoflurane inhibits the migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells by regulating microRNA-34a/ADAM10 axis.

Keywords: colorectal cancer, sevoflurane, miR-34a, ADAM10, migration and invasion
Published online: 15-Jul-2019
Year: 2019, Volume: 66, Issue: 6 Page From: 887, Page To: 895
doi:10.4149/neo_2018_181213N962
Price: 18.90 €






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