Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2019 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.9, p.630-635, 2019

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345
 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.9, p.630-635, 2019

Title: Platelet mitochondrial bioenergetic analysis in patients with nephropathies and non-communicable diseases: a new method
Author: A. Gvozdjakova, Z. Sumbalova, J. Kucharska, A. Chladekova, Z. Rausova, O. Vancova, M. Komlosi, O. Ulicna, V. Mojto

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis if mitochondrial bioenergetic function analyzed in circulating platelets may represent peripheral signature of mitochondrial dysfunction in nephropathy associated to non-communicable human diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and with statins treatment.
METHODS: High-resolution respirometry was used for analysis of mitochondrial bioenergetics in human platelets isolated from peripheral blood. This method is less-invasively compared to skeletal muscle biopsy. Patients with nephropathies and in combination with non-communicable diseases were included in the study.
RESULTS: This pilot study showed platelet mitochondrial bioenergy dysfunction in patients with nephropathies and non-communicable diseases. Positive effect of treatment with 10 mg atorvastatin on platelet mitochondrial respiratory chain Complex I-linked respiration and ATP production in patients with nephropathies, diabetes and 80 mg atorvastatin in patient with nephropathy and dialysis was found. Positive effect of 80 mg fluvastatin treatment, and negative effect of thrombocytopenia and renal transplantation on platelet mitochondrial bioenergy was determined.
CONCLUSION: High-resolution respirometry allowed detection of small changes in platelet mitochondrial function. This method could be used as a sensitive bioenergetic test of mitochondrial function for diagnosis and monitoring the therapy in patients with nephropathy (Tab. 1, Fig. 3, Ref. 39).

Keywords: platelets, mitochondria, high-resolution respirometry, nephropathies, non-communicable diseases
Published online: 28-Aug-2019
Year: 2019, Volume: 120, Issue: 9 Page From: 630, Page To: 635
doi:10.4149/BLL_2019_104


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