Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2019 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.9, p.703-710, 2019

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.564


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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.9, p.703-710, 2019

Title: Does the 2nd and 4th digit ratio reflect prenatal androgen exposure?
Author: M. Suchonova, V. Borbelyova, E. Renczes, B. Konecna, B. Vlkova, J. Hodosy, D. Ostatnikova, P. Celec

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to describe the effect of prenatal testosterone exposure on 2D:4D in both sexes, and to determine whether this effect is mediated via the androgen receptor. In addition, the sex differences in lengths of 2D, 4D, and 2D:4D ratio were analyzed.
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies suggest a negative correlation between prenatal testosterone exposure and ratio of the lengths of the second and fourth digits (2D:4D). However, less is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms.
METHODS: Pregnant rats were treated with olive oil, testosterone, flutamide or testosterone with flutamide daily from the fourteenth day of pregnancy until delivery. The finger lengths of adult offspring were measured using both, digital scanning of the paws and μCT analysis of the phalanges.
RESULTS: None of the aforementioned methods revealed any effect of testosterone on 2D:4D. μCT measurements showed that prenatal hyperandrogenism in both sexes leads to shorter 2D compared to controls. Moreover, the testosterone treatment in males resulted in the shortening of 4D when compared to controls.
CONCLUSION: Prenatal hyperandrogenism leads to shorter lengths of 2D and 4D; however, it does not affect 2D:4D ratio. Whether other steroid hormones and/or testosterone metabolites affect the 2D:4D ratio requires further investigation (Tab. 5, Fig. 3, Ref. 32).

Keywords: finger length, morphometry, prenatal development, testosterone
Published online: 28-Aug-2019
Year: 2019, Volume: 120, Issue: 9 Page From: 703, Page To: 710

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