Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2019 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.10, p.789-793, 2019

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345
 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.120, No.10, p.789-793, 2019

Title: Effect of intralipid administration on calcium therapy in verapamil toxicity
Author: S. Baltaci Ozen, S. H. Celebi, D. Coskun, I. Gungor, G. Inan

Abstract: Aim: Lipid emulsions are promising with regard to the treatment of toxicity by agents of high lipophilic nature. Our objective is to investigate the efficacy of intralipid 20% and calcium administration at different times when symptoms of cardiac toxicity occur during verapamil infusion.
Method: 24 adult male Spraque-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 different groups, the control group, calcium group, calcium following 20% intralipid group and concomitant 20% intralipid and calcium group. Following monitoring under ketamine anesthesia, all groups were administered 37.5 mg kg-1 h-1 verapamil infusion until a 50% decrease occurred in MAPb. At the end of the infusion, verapamil infusion was decreased down to 15 mg kg-1h-1 and the treatment agents predetermined for the groups were administered concomitantly.
Results: There is no statistically significant difference between the administration of 20% intralipid synchronized with calcium or as a pretreatment, but both groups provided a higher survival rate when compared to the other groups.
Conclusions:The administration of calcium alone in verapamil toxicity is not sufficient; when calcium and 20% intralipid are administered together, there is no difference between the administration of lipid and calcium concomitantly and the administration of lipid prior to calcium (Tab. 1, Fig. 2, Ref. 23).

Keywords: Verapamil, toxicity, intravenous lipid emulsion, calcium
Published online: 28-Oct-2019
Year: 2019, Volume: 120, Issue: 10 Page From: 789, Page To: 793
doi:10.4149/BLL_2019_132


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