Home FOR AUTHORS Acta Virologica 2019 Acta Virologica Vol.63, No.4, p.459-468, 2019

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Acta Virologica Vol.63, No.4, p.459-468, 2019

Title: Genetic variation and phylogenetic analysis of Porcine circovirus type 2 in China from 2016 to 2018
Author: Z. HOU, H. WANG, Y. FENG, M. SONG, Q. LI, J. LI

Abstract: Infection with Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), the essential cause of porcine circovirus (PCV) associated diseases, is a growing problem in swine industry around the world. High nucleotide alteration leads to the constant evolution of PCV2 and outbreak of disease caused by PCV2. In this study, 48 PCV2 strains were isolated in China between 2016 and 2018 and the genetic diversity of these PCV2 isolates was determined. Results showed that these PCV2 isolates were classified into genotypes PCV2a (4 of 48), PCV2b (13 of 48) and PCV2d (31 of 48). Among them, 54.5% isolated in 2016, 65.2% isolated in 2017 and 71.4% isolated in 2018 belonged to PCV2d. It indicated that the prevalence of PCV2d genotype increased. All strains shared 93.4%–100% nucleotide sequence identity for the whole genome. Results of the analysis using RDP 4.0 molecular recombination software showed there were no recombinant events among the 48 PCV2 isolates in this study. Further analysis indicated the presence of higher amino acid residues diversity in important epitopes (43D/G, 115D/G, 134N/T, 165P/T, 169G/R/S, and 210E/G/D) in the predominant genotype PCV2d. Animal tests showed the viral titer of the PCV2d strain LN-3 in sera was higher than that of PCV2b strain HeB-1 at 14 and 21 days post-challenge, however, the differences were not statistically significant. There were also no obvious differences between PCV2d strain LN-3 and PCV2b strain HeB-1 in the amount of PCV2 antigen in lymphoid tissues. On the account of the increasing prevalence of PCV2d genotype, it is necessary to find the cause of PCV2 genotype change, to evaluate the effect of existing commercial vaccines and to develop new vaccines based on PCV2d genotype, if necessary.

Keywords: epitope; PCV2d; phylogeny; Porcine circovirus type 2; recombination; genetic diversity
Published online: 12-Nov-2019
Year: 2019, Volume: 63, Issue: 4 Page From: 459, Page To: 468
doi:10.4149/av_2019_413


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