Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2020 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.121, No.3, p.225–229,2020

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.564


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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.121, No.3, p.225–229,2020

Title: Low concentrations of methamphetamine can suppress inflammation in trophoblast JEG-3 cell line induced by nicotine
Author: H. Zhaleh, A. Amer Ridha, K Amini

Abstract: AIM: Nicotine at high concentrations induces apoptosis in trophoblastic cells through induction of cell cytotoxicity and Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). Methamphetamine in low dose has pharmaceutical properties. It seems that this components in low dose can protect the trophoblastic cells from nicotine-induced cell death.
METHOD: Trophoblastic (JEG-3) cells grown in DMEM culture medium. MTT assay test detected the cell viability and Lactate Dehydrogenase test measured the cells cytotoxicity. Griess reaction was used for NO production analysis. Cell migration traced by wounding technique. Human Cytokine Array Focused 13-plex was also used for analysis of IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, INFγ, and TNFα pre-inflammatory cytokines.
RESULTS: Methamphetamine, in very low dose (pM), increased the cell viability and NO production, and decreased cell cytotoxicity, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, INFγ, and TNFα pre-inflammatory cytokines of JEG-3 cell which were exposed to high dose of nicotine, respectively. Cell migration was enhanced by low dose of methamphetamine in JEG-3 cells.
CONCLUSION: Methamphetamine in very low dose suppressed the JEG-3 cell death induced by high dose of nicotine (Fig. 5, Ref. 48)

Keywords: methamphetamine, nicotine, cell death, NO
Published online: 26-Feb-2020
Year: 2020, Volume: 121, Issue: 3 Page From: 225, Page To: 229

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