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ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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neo_2020_190725N671

Title: Mitochondria-targeted compounds in the treatment of cancer
Author: A. KAFKOVA, J. TRNKA

Abstract: Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles involved in many cellular functions. Beyond their central role in metabolism, they also take a part in maintaining calcium homeostasis, cell death, immunity and ROS production. Changes in these functions have been shown to be crucial for the adaptation and survival of cancer cells. Mitochondria therefore constitute a promising target for the development of novel anticancer agents. The triphenylphosphonium (TPP+) moiety has been widely used to target molecules into mitochondria. TPP+ derivatives of a variety of conventional cytostatic drugs, natural substances, metformin, antioxidants or a range of newly synthesized molecules have shown promising results against cancer cells. In this review we discuss biochemical differences between cancer cells and normal cells with specific focus on mitochondria, and how mitochondrially targeted molecules can be used to selectively affect mitochondrial function in normal and cancer cells. We summarize the published data on mitochondrially targeted anticancer agents and propose future research avenues.

Keywords: mitochondria, cancer, triphenylphosphonium, targeting, cytotoxic
Published online: 02-Mar-2020
Year: , Volume: , Issue: Page From: , Page To:
doi:10.4149/neo_2020_190725N671


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