Home HOME General Physiology and Biophysics 2020 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.39, No.3, p.205–218, 2020

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Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.39, No.3, p.205–218, 2020

Title: Functional dissection of γ-aminobutyric acid metabolism in Neurospora crassa
Author: Kamila Ďurišová, Martin Šimkovič, Ľudovít Varečka, Michal Kaliňák, Katarína Šoltys, Barbora Mosná, Svetlana Kryštofová

Abstract: The GABA shunt is one of the metabolic pathways that is ubiquitous in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in fungi is required in the stress responses, virulence and development. The number of genes encoding glutamate decarboxylase (gad), GABA transaminase (gta) and succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (ssadh) varies between fungal species. The genome-wide analysis in Neurospora crassa resulted in the identification of a gta and a ssadh. Disruption of either gta or ssadh decreased respiration rate and biomass accumulation, reduced growth on GABA and beta-alanine. The gta and ssadh mutants exhibited aberrant hyphal morphology and displayed differential transcription of the GABA shunt genes. In the gta mutant, protoperithecia and perithecia formation was almost completely suppressed in the presence of GABA and beta-alanine, indicating GTA requirement for the turnover of these amino acids. The strains displayed differential metabolic dysregulations in response to different nitrogen sources. The phenotypic differences between the gta and ssadh mutants could be contributed to accumulation of intermediates of the GABA shunt and/or GABA shunt-independent functions. Together, our data suggest that the GABA shunt could function as a moderate modulator of multiple biological events, including respiration, energy metabolism, carbon and nitrogen metabolism, growth, as well as sexual development in N. crassa.

Keywords: GABA, GABA transaminase, Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase, Fungi, Neurospora crassa
Published online: 10-Jun-2020
Year: 2020, Volume: 39, Issue: 3 Page From: 205, Page To: 218

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