Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2020 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.121, No.8, p.541–546,2020

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.564


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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.121, No.8, p.541–546,2020

Title: Postoperative pancreatic fistula after pancreatic resection
Author: M. Sabol, R. Donat, D. Dyttert, V. Reken, D. Sintal, J. Palaj, S. Durdik

Abstract: BACKGROUND: The failure of pancreatic anastomosis after the proximal pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and the failure of pancreatic stump after the distal pancreatectomy with a resulting postoperative pancreatic fistula remain the most feared complications after pancreatic resection. Surgeons have been trying to find a reliable reconstructive technique of pancreatic anastomosis for decades.
METHODS: A literature search was performed to January 2020. Studies giving a detailed description of the pancreatic anastomosis after open PD and pancreatic stump closure techniques after the distal pancreatectomy were included. The aim of this study was review reported data derived from meta-analyses concerning the incidence of POPF according to the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery. A comparison of various surgical techniques and their impact on POPF incidence was made.
RESULTS: In the group of clinically relevant POPF (CR- POPF), a well established difference between the patients undergoing POPF-associated interventional drainage or reoperation was observed. Meta-analyses showed that the patients with CR- POPF were statistically more likely to have a small duct size, soft gland texture, particular pancreatic neoplasms and an excessive intraoperative blood loss.
CONCLUSION: Grade C POPF following PD, although uncommon, occurs with a defined incidence and is associated with a substantial morbidity, prolonged hospitalization, delayed recovery and a significant mortality. According to the results of various meta-analyses, pancreatogastrostomy and pancreatojejunostomy seemed to be comparable anastomotic techniques following PD (Ref. 54).

Keywords: pancreatic fistula, pancreaticoduodenectomy, distal pancreatectomy
Published online: 28-Jul-2020
Year: 2020, Volume: 121, Issue: 8 Page From: 541, Page To: 546

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