Home HOME Neoplasma 2021 Neoplasma Vol.68, No.1, p.87–95, 2021

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.68, No.1, p.87–95, 2021

Title: miR-155-5p increases the sensitivity of liver cancer cells to adriamycin by regulating ATG5-mediated autophagy
Author: Qiu Yu, Xiao-Ping Xu, Xin-Min Yin, Xiang-Qun Peng

Abstract: Liver cancer is the sixth most prevalent cancer worldwide and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Adriamycin (ADR) resistance, which often leads to the progression of malignant tumors, is a major treatment obstacle for liver cancer. It has been confirmed that miR-155-5p could reverse drug resistance in human breast cancer. However, the biological function of miR-155-5p in ADR-resistant liver carcinoma (HepG2/ADR) cells remains unclear. miR-155-5p and ATG5 expression was determined by RT-qPCR and western blot. In addition, MTT, flow cytometry, immunofluorescence staining, and western blotting were performed to evaluate the proliferation, apoptosis, and autophagy of liver cancer cells. Finally, the effect of miR-155-5p on the expression of autophagy-related 5 (ATG5) was analyzed by luciferase activity assay, western blot, and RT-qPCR. Our results showed that miR-155-5p was downregulated in HepG2/ADR cells. Increasing the expression of miR-155-5p enhanced the sensitivity of liver carcinoma cells to ADR and promoted apoptosis through inhibition of autophagy in vitro. In addition, the binding site between miR-155-5p and ATG5 was identified, and miR-155-5p could directly regulate ATG5. Finally, ATG5 partially rescued the effect of miR-155-5p on autophagy and the apoptosis of HepG2/ADR cells. In conclusion, our findings showed that miR-155-5p could reverse ADR resistance in liver cancer by targeting ATG5, which may function as a potential target for liver cancer treatment.

Keywords: resistance; autophagy; miR-155-5p; liver cancer
Published online: 27-Aug-2020
Year: 2021, Volume: 68, Issue: 1 Page From: 87, Page To: 95

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