Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2020 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.121, No.10, p.722–726,2020

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2

 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.121, No.10, p.722–726,2020

Title: Simvastatin in an experimental spinal cord injury model: a histopathological and biochemical evidence based study
Author: T. Tascioglu, M. Karatay, Y. Erdem, A. Tekiner, H. Celik, O. Sahin, I. Sertbas, M. A. Bayar

Abstract: AIM: In this study we tried to determine the possible neuroprotective effects of simvastatin in a rat model of Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) with the help of biochemical and histopathological tests.
METHODS: Rats were divided into 5 groups:1) SCI control, 2) Sham operated, 3) SCI with 10 mg/kg intraperitoneal simvastatin, 4) SCI with 10 mg/kg oral simvastatin, 5) SCI with 10 mg/kg subcutaneous simvastatin. After the treatment period, all rats were sacrificed; their blood and spinal cord samples were taken for biochemical and histopathological assessment.
RESULTS: When the groups were compared in terms of oedema and inflammation status, the scores of groups receiving simvastatin were better than the control and sham groups (p = 0.001 and p = 0.038 respectively). When the 3 treatment groups (oral, intraperitoneal and subcutaneous simvastatin groups) were compared with each other in terms of inflammation, haemorrhage and oedema, there were no significant differences between groups (p = 0.112, p = 0.797 and p = 0.188, respectively). NSE and S100B levels were significantly lower in the treatment groups compared to the sham group (p = 0.039 and p = 0.004 respectively).
CONCLUSION: According to our biochemical and histopathological findings, simvastatin 10 mg/kg has a positive impact in the spinal cord injury model in rats, regardless of route of application (Tab. 1, Fig. 5, Ref. 26).

Keywords: spinal cord injury, simvastatin, neuroprotective effect
Published online: 20-Sep-2020
Year: 2020, Volume: 121, Issue: 10 Page From: 722, Page To: 726
doi:10.4149/BLL_2020_118


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