Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2020 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.39, No.6, p.505–518, 2020

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Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.39, No.6, p.505–518, 2020

Title: Species-dependent variations in the dielectric activity of membrane skeleton of erythrocytes
Author: I. T. Ivanov, B. K. Paarvanova, B. B. Tacheva, T. Slavov

Abstract: Previously detected βsp and γ1sp dielectric relaxations on the spectrin-based membrane skeleton (MS) of human red blood cells (RBCs) have been shown sensitive to the attachment of MS to the lipid-protein membrane. Such relaxations were now detected on the MS of mammal (rat, horse, bovine, sheep and goat) and “unstrained” chicken RBCs. To become “unstrained” chicken RBCs were subjected consecutively to cold (4°C, >20 h) and either colchicine (15 mM) or vinblastine (30 μM) (4°C, 1 h) that led to irreversible disassembly of their marginal band and an additional portion of their cytoskeleton. With the exception of bovine RBCs, the critical frequency (fc) of either relaxation increased, although at different rates, with the decrease in the volume of RBC species. The strong increase in fc of γ1sp relaxation from 2.5 MHz (“unstrained” chicken RBCs) to 13 MHz (goat RBCs) could indicate denser state of MS in smaller RBC species. The low values of fc of γ1sp relaxation in “unstrained” chicken RBCs (2.5 MHz) and bovine RBCs (4.5 instead of 9 MHz) could be related to their extraordinary thermal stability at the temperature of spectrin denaturation.

Keywords: Chicken erythrocyte, Mammal erythrocyte, Membrane skeleton, Dielectric relaxation, Spectrin
Published online: 17-Nov-2020
Year: 2020, Volume: 39, Issue: 6 Page From: 505, Page To: 518

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