Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2020 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.39, No.6, p.519–530, 2020

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.39, No.6, p.519–530, 2020

Title: Activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway contributes to the protective effects of platycodin D against oxidative stress-induced DNA damage and apoptosis in C2C12 myoblasts
Author: Y. H. Choi

Abstract: Myoblast damage by oxidative stress has been proposed as one of the main causes of skeletal muscle loss due to induction of muscle damage. Platycodin D, a triterpenoid saponin found in the root of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC., has been known to possess strong antioxidant activity. However, whether platycodin D can defend myoblasts against oxidative injury remains to be elucidated. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the potential protective effects of platycodin D against oxidative stress in mouse myoblast C2C12 cells. The results demonstrated that platycodin D inhibited hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced cytotoxicity and DNA damage by blocking abnormal reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Furthermore, platycodin D protected cells from the induction of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis by oxidative stress. In addition, platycodin D markedly promoted the activation of nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), which was associated with the enhanced expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in the presence of H2O2. However, inhibiting the expression of HO-1 by Nrf2 siRNA significantly attenuated the protective effect of platycodin D, indicating that platycodin D activates the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway to protect against oxidative stress. Based on current data, platycodin D may be useful as a potential therapeutic agent against various oxidative stress-related muscle disorders.

Keywords: Platycodin D — ROS, DNA damage, Apoptosis, Nrf2/HO-1
Published online: 17-Nov-2020
Year: 2020, Volume: 39, Issue: 6 Page From: 519, Page To: 530

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