Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2021 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.122, No.2, p.95–100,2021

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.122, No.2, p.95–100,2021

Title: Characteristics, management, and outcome of infective endocarditis in the Czech Republic: prospective data from the ESC EORP EURO-ENDO registry
Author: M. Pazdernik, M. Holicka, R. Pelouch, J. Precek, J. Widimsky, J. Pudich, R. Vancata, M. Siranec, A. Bohm, K. Blechova, T. Butta, M. Mikulcova, M. Mikulica, P. Wohlfahrt

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Data describing contemporary profile of infective endocarditis (IE) in the Czech Republic are lacking. The aim of this study was to describe the current profile and outcomes of IE patients.
METHODS: Prospectively collected data on consecutive patients admitted for IE diagnosis between April 2016 and March 2018 to 11 main tertiary care cardiac centers in the Czech Republic were used for this analysis.
RESULTS: Among 208 patients, 88 patients (42.3 %) had native valve IE (NVIE), 56 patients (26.9 %) had prosthetic valve IE (PVIE), and 57 patients (27.4 %) had intracardiac device-related IE (CDRIE). The mean age was 61.66±15.54 years. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common etiological agent of IE (27.4 %), whereas Culture negative IE was present in 26.4 % patients. Surgery was performed during hospitalization in 112 (53.8 %) patients. In-hospital death occurred in 21.2 % patients, while 1-year mortality was 40.3 %. In patients, who had an indication for surgery, but the procedure was not performed, mortality was significantly higher (p=0.002).
CONCLUSION: High proportion of culture negative IE and IE related to artificial intra-cardiac materials calls for action. Furthermore, we show that cardiac surgery should be more often contemplated, especially in the presence of risk factors as septic shock and congestive heart failure (Tab. 6, Fig. 1, Ref. 32).

Keywords: infective endocarditis, mortality, surgery, Czech Republic
Published online: 26-Jan-2021
Year: 2021, Volume: 122, Issue: 2 Page From: 95, Page To: 100

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