Home HOME Neoplasma 2021 Neoplasma Vol.68, No.3, p.509–518,2021

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ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.68, No.3, p.509–518,2021

Title: LncRNA HOTAIR regulates anoikis-resistance capacity and spheroid formation of ovarian cancer cells by recruiting EZH2 and influencing H3K27 methylation
Author: Zhuo-Ya Dai, Shuang-Mei Jin, Hong-Qin Luo, Hong-Lian Leng, Jun-Dan Fang

Abstract: This study aims to investigate the role of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) in the regulation of anoikis resistance of ovarian cancer cells, a prerequisite for metastasis and chemoresistance in ovarian cancer cells. Ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells were cultured in an ultra-low attachment system to establish an anoikis model. The relationship between cellular anoikis capability and HOTAIR expression level was studied by flow cytometry and RT-PCR. The ability of spheroid formation, migration, and invasion of the suspended cells was assessed following the knockdown of HOTAIR expression. The expression of EZH2, H3K27me3, representative targets of EZH2, and anoikis-related biomarkers was also detected. An increase in the duration of suspension culture time rendered the SKOV3 cells anoikis-resistant with a significantly lower apoptotic rate compared to the adherent cells. HOTAIR expression in the suspension cells increased significantly, while that in the adherent cells did not. Following small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of HOTAIR expression, the abilities of anoikis resistance, migration, and invasion decreased in the suspension cells. Knockdown of HOTAIR levels also reduced the spheroid forming ability of the tumor cells in continuous suspension cultures. Moreover, EZH2 expression correlated with HOTAIR expression, thus regulating the expression of miR-193a and DOK2 via introducing H3K27me3. Western blot analysis of anoikis-related markers showed that N-cadherin, ZEB1, and TWIST1 were downregulated following inhibition of HOTAIR, while E-cadherin and ErbB3 were upregulated. In conclusion, HOTAIR enhances the anoikis resistance and spheroid forming ability of ovarian cancer cells by recruiting EZH2 and influencing H3K27 methylation that may contribute to migration, invasion, and chemoresistance of ovarian cancer cells

Keywords: anoikis; spheroid; ovarian cancer; HOX transcript antisense RNA; EZH2
Published online: 27-Jan-2021
Year: 2021, Volume: 68, Issue: 3 Page From: 509, Page To: 518

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