Home Acta Virologica 2021 Acta Virologica Vol.65, No.3, p.264-272, 2021

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Founded: 1957
ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

Published in English

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Acta Virologica Vol.65, No.3, p.264-272, 2021

Title: Acetylation of nucleopolyhedrovirus P35 is crucial for its anti-apoptotic activity in silkworm, Bombyx mori
Author: Enoch Obeng, Jihai Lei, Jonas Ngowo, Fuxiang Mao, Huihui Yan, Yajie Zhu, Wei Yu

Abstract: Apoptosis is a characteristic feature of a nucleopolyhedrovirus infected insect cells. This defensive strategy of the insect cells also affects the viral infectivity. On the contrary, the P35 baculovirus apoptosis inhibitor impedes the insect cell apoptosis induced by viral infection. Our previous investigation of the Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) acetylome showed that 3 lysine (K) (70, 127 and 256) sites of P35 were acetylated during infection. How these modifications affect the interaction between the insect cells and BmNPV is still unknown. In order to explore the underlying mechanism of P35 lysine acetylation, mutants with glutamine or arginine substitution were constructed to mimic the acetylated (Q) and deacetylated (R) state. ELISA and DNA fragmentation assay were used to ascertain the acetylation effects on apoptosis. Subsequently the results showed that acetylation of K70 upregulated the anti-apoptotic activity, thereby preventing apoptosis induced by insect cells. Caspase 1 activity assay further confirmed that, acetylated K70 exhibited a strong anti-apoptotic activity in cell lines infected with BmNPV. Intriguingly, an examination with the yeast 2 hybrid (Y2H) assay revealed an interaction with the silkworm caspase 1. Taken together, we demonstrated that acetylation of P35 is crucial for an interaction with caspase 1 and the upregulation of anti-apoptotic activity.

Keywords: Bombyx mori; BmNPV; P35; acetylation; anti-apoptotic; caspase 1
Published online: 23-Sep-2021
Year: 2021, Volume: 65, Issue: 3 Page From: 264, Page To: 272
Price: 21.60 €

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