Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2021 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.40, No.5, p. 351–363, 2021

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.40, No.5, p. 351–363, 2021

Title: Regulation mechanism of miR-494-3p on endometrial receptivity in mice via PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway
Author: Lan Yuan, Fen Feng, Zhu Mao, Jin-zhu Huang, Yi Liu, Yu-lin Li, Rong-xing Jiang

Abstract: Successful implantation requires endometrial receptivity. To investigate the mechanisms of miR-494-3p on endometrial receptivity, GnRHa’s superovulation scheme was designed to reduce endometrial receptivity, and the pregnant mice were injected with miR-494-3p antagomir. The regulatory role of miR-494-3p was identified by RT-qPCR, uterine blastocyst count, scanning electron microscopy, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and Western blot. Results indicated that miR-494-3p antagomir increased uterine blastocysts numbers, promoted the pinocytosis expressions, and increased endometrial thickness. Besides, miR-494-3p antagomir significantly increased leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), Ang-2 and VEGF protein expressions, and up-regulated p-AKT/AKT and p-mTOR/mTOR protein ratios in endometrium. Luciferase assay confirmed that LIF was a potential target of miR-494-3p. Subsequently, human endometrial epithelial cells (hEECs) were transfected with miR-494-3p inhibitor and PI3K inhibitor (LY294002). The role of miR-494-3p was identified by RT-qPCR, CCK-8 assay, transwell assay and flow cytometry. Results indicated that miR-494-3p inhibitor significantly increased proliferation and invasion, and significantly inhibited apoptosis in hEECs, while LY294002 reversed its biological function. Overall, these results suggested that miR-494-3p is the key regulator of endometrial receptivity in mice, regulating this complex process through the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. Understanding the role of miR-494-3p in endometrial receptivity is of great significance for exploring new targets for the diagnosis and treatment of early pregnancy failure, and improving the success rates of artificial reproduction.

Keywords: Endometrial receptivity — miR-494-3p — PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway — Leukemia inhibitory factor
Published online: 27-Sep-2021
Year: 2021, Volume: 40, Issue: 5 Page From: 351, Page To: 363

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