Home Neoplasma 2021 Neoplasma Vol.68, No.6, p.1169–1180, 2021

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Neoplasma Vol.68, No.6, p.1169–1180, 2021

Title: Photodynamic therapy of multidrug resistant leukemic murine cells by 3,6-bis(alkylthiourea)acridine hydrochlorides
Author: Helena Paulíková, Alžbeta Cisáriková, Zuzana Bačová, Ladislav Janovec, Ján Imrich, Mário Šereš, Ľuba Hunáková

Abstract: Efforts to overcome multidrug resistance in cancer have led to the development of several novel strategies including photodynamic therapy (PDT). PDT is based on the use of photosensitizers (PSs) photoactivation, which causes the formation of reactive oxygen species that can induce cell death. In the last decade, the development of new PSs has been significantly accelerated. Recently, acridine-3,6-dialkyldithiourea hydrochlorides (AcrDTUs) have been investigated as a new group of PSs and we have shown that PDT/AcrDTUs caused cell death of mouse leukemic cells L1210. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of PDT/AcrDTUs for the treatment of L1210/VCR cells as a model of chemo-resistant cells (overexpressing P-glycoprotein, P-gp). The photoactivation (365 nm, 1.05 J/cm2) increased the cytotoxicity of AcrDTUs 10 - 15 times. Inhibition of P-gp (verapamil) has been shown to have no significant effect on the accumulation of propyl-AcrDTU (the most potent derivative) in L1210/VCR cells. The intracellular distribution of this acridine derivative has been studied. Prior to irradiation of the resistant cells, propyl-AcrDTU was sequestered mainly in the cytosol, partly in the mitochondria, and, unlike in the sensitive cells, the AcrDTU was not found in the lysosomes. PDT with 1 µM propyl-AcrDTU induced cell shrinkage and "ladder DNA" formation, and although a drastic decrease of the intracellular ATP level was observed at the same time, there was no increase in extracellular LDH activity. AIF in the nucleus can induce DNA fragmentation and we have actually observed a mitochondrio-nuclear translocation of AIF. We concluded that AcrDTUs are photocytotoxic against L1210/VCR cells and that mitochondria play an important role in cell death induced by PDT.

Keywords: photodynamic therapy; photosensitizers; acridine; multi-drug resistance; leukemia cells
Published online: 29-Sep-2021
Year: 2021, Volume: 68, Issue: 6 Page From: 1169, Page To: 1180

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