Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2022 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.123, No.1, p 27–36, 2022

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.123, No.1, p 27–36, 2022

Title: Characteristics of COPD patients treated with single‑inhaler triple therapy in real-life clinical practice
Author: S. Lassan, J. Keszegh, M. Lassanova

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Inflammation associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes narrowing of the airways and destruction of the lung parenchyma. The triple therapy (ICS+LABA+LAMA) may improve lung function, patient‑reported outcomes, and exacerbation risk in a specified subset of GOLD group D patients. A better understanding of the factors leading to the single‑inhaler triple therapy (SITT) prescription in real-life scenario is still an unmet need.
METHODS: We assessed the characteristics of 838 GOLD group D patients treated with SITT and way of how those patients had been routinely managed before in their outpatient settings. The cross-sectional observational survey was based on an assessment of routine practice patterns and retrospective collection of anonymous medical data.

RESULTS: Severe and very severe forms of airflow obstruction were experienced by 52 % and 34 % of patients, respectively. The mean number of exacerbations during the 12‑month period antecedent to SITT prescription was 2.01. Before starting SITT, various combinations of COPD medications were prescribed: LABA (95 %), followed by ICS and LAMA. Compared to patients with 0-1 exacerbation, the patients with ≥2 exacerbations had higher levels of mMRC and CAT scores (2.47 vs 2.69 and 16.02 vs 19.31, respectively, both p <0.001), worse treatment adherence and higher need for rescue medication (4.7 vs 3.9 units,

p=0.0011). The driver for switching the treatment to SITT was an expected improvement in lung function followed by reduction in dyspnoea and number of exacerbations.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite current treatment, the burden of COPD remains significant in GOLD group D patients. The lung function, symptoms burden and exacerbation history are among the most important factors involved in the decision for stepping up to SITT with potential roles of both bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory components (Tab. 2, Fig. 9, Ref. 66).

Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, observational retrospective survey, real-life setting, single-inhaler triple therapy, factors for treatment escalation
Published online: 30-Dec-2021
Year: 2022, Volume: 123, Issue: 1 Page From: 27, Page To: 36

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