Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2022 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.123, No.1, p 44–49, 2022

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2

 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.123, No.1, p 44–49, 2022

Title: Depression and anxiety among College Students in Slovakia – Comparison of the Year 2018 and during COVID-19 pandemic
Author: M. Hajduk, D. Dancik, J. Januska, A. Strakova, M. Turcek, A. Heretik, J. Pecenak

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of depression and anxiety among university students during the peak of COVID‑19 pandemic in the Slovak Republic in December 2020. The secondary goal was to compare results with a study from 2018 at the same university.
METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional study was administered at the Comenius University in Bratislava. The final sample consisted of 1,786 participants (approx. 80 % females) with the mean age and standard deviation of M=21.15 and SD=3.53. An online battery of self-report measures of depression, anxiety, perceived stress, loneliness, and resilience was administered.
RESULTS: The prevalence rates of moderately severe to‑severe depression and anxiety were 34.3 % and 20.1 %, respectively. Depression and anxiety were associated with younger age, higher perception of stress, higher loneliness, and lower resilience. In comparison with 2018, we found a two-fold increase in depression and anxiety. The increase was present across most of the depression and anxiety symptoms.
CONCLUSION: The result of the study revealed elevated rates of depression and anxiety during the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic in Slovakia. Various demographic and psychological factors were associated with more severe depression and anxiety among university students. Some subgroups of students are at the higher risk of mental health problems (Tab. 4, Ref. 26).

Keywords: depression, anxiety, college students, COVID-19, pandemics
Published online: 30-Dec-2021
Year: 2022, Volume: 123, Issue: 1 Page From: 44, Page To: 49
doi:10.4149/BLL_2022_007


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