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Title: microRNA-200c-3p suppresses proliferation and invasion of nephroblastoma cells by targeting EP300 and inactivating the AKT/FOXO1/p27 pathway
Author: Juan Cao, Guang-Shu Liu, Ning-Zhen Zou, Huang Zhang, Xiao-Xiao He, Ping-Li Sun, Hong-Jian An, Hong Shen

Abstract: miR-200c-3p is aberrantly expressed in numerous cancers, but its underlying mechanisms in nephroblastoma are unknown. In our study, the differentially regulated miRNAs between the nephroblastoma tissues and adjacent non-neoplastic renal tissues were screened based on microarray analysis. The miR-200c-3p expression in nephroblastoma tissues and cells was detected by qRT-PCR. Then, the effects of miR-200c-3p mimic or inhibitor on cell proliferation, invasion, and migration were evaluated by CCK-8 assay, plate colony formation assay, soft agar assay, Transwell, and wound-healing assay in SK-NEP-1 and G401 cells. Afterward, the target gene of miR-200c-3p was predicted by TarBase, miRTarBase, miRDB softwares, and then verified by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. The in vivo effects of miR-200c-3p on pathological changes and tumor volume were investigated in tumor xenograft mice by H(et)E staining and in vivo fluorescence imaging. ChIP assay was used to evaluate the relationship between histone acetyltransferase E1A-binding protein p300 (EP300) and P27, and the relationship of the role of miR-200c-3p in nephroblastoma and the AKT/FOXO1/p27 signaling pathways was evaluated by western blotting. Our study shows that miR-200c-3p was downregulated in nephroblastoma tissues and cells, and EP300 was a target gene of miR-200c-3p. Furthermore, miR-200c-3p mimic decreased cell proliferation and inhibited cell migration and invasion in nephroblastoma. Mechanistically, miR-200c-3p could inhibit p-AKT activity and enhance p-FOXO1 and p27 expression. Notably, the transcription factor P27 could bind to the EP300 promoter. This study demonstrates a new approach to treat nephroblastoma.

Keywords: miR-200c-3p; nephroblastoma; EP300; AKT/FOXO1 pathway; proliferation; invasion
Published online: 11-Feb-2022
Year: , Volume: , Issue: Page From: , Page To:

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