Home CUSTOMERS Acta Virologica 2022 Acta Virologica Vol.66, No.1, p. 77 – 84, 2022

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ISSN 0001-723X
E-ISSN 1336-2305

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Acta Virologica Vol.66, No.1, p. 77 – 84, 2022

Title: Acetylation of late expression factor 4 is crucial for the transcription and proliferation of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus
Author: Jonas Ngowo, Xu Gao, Yajie Zhu, Fuxiang Mao, Jihai Lei, Enoch Obeng, Wei Yu

Abstract: Late expression factor 4 (LEF4), RNA polymerase subunit of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), plays an enzymatic role to enhance the capping of pre-mRNA of late and very late genes. Lysine acetylation is a post-translational modification process having many important functions associated with the regulation of a gene expression. Our previous study on lysine acetylome in BmNPV infected BmN cells showed that LEF 4 was acetylated at lysine 76 (K76). However, it is still unclear whether the modification of K76 residue contributes to the modulation of viral gene transcription. To elucidate the role played by acetylation or deacetylation of LEF4 K76 in the transcription of viral genes, we constructed acetylation mimicking and deacetylation mimicking mutant virus, K76Q and K76R, respectively. We then transfected BmN cells with these mutants and analyzed the level of pre-mRNA at different times. The K76R showed a significant decrease in the mRNA transcription level of vp39 and p10 genes at 48 and 72 h post-transfection, while K76Q did not show any significant changes compared with lef4-Wt. We further detected the virus titer of lef4-Wt, K76Q [et] K76R, and it was found that K76R impaired the virus infectivity ability at 72 and 96 h, while K76Q did not affect the virus infectivity. Moreover, the yeast two hybrid technique (Y2H) showed that both mutants (K76Q [et] K76R) affected the association of LEF 4 with the P47 protein. Taken together, these results indicated that acetylation modification of K76 is important for the proper transcription of late and very late genes, and the effectiveness of viral infection.

Keywords: BmNPV lef4 gene; lysine acetylation, late genes transcription; BmNPV p47 gene; infectivity
Published online: 05-Apr-2022
Year: 2022, Volume: 66, Issue: 1 Page From: 77, Page To: 84
Price: 19.20 €

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