Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2022 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.123, No.5, p.315–321, 2022

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.2

 

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.123, No.5, p.315–321, 2022

Title: How COVID-19 crisis influenced kidney transplant recipients in Slovakia
Author: Zuzana ZILINSKA, Martin CHRASTINA, Marcela ZITNAKOVA, Eva LACKOVA, Marcel CELLAR, Luboslav BENA, Tatiana BALTESOVA, Jaroslav ROSENBERGER, Karol GRANAK, Matej VNUCAK, Ivana DEDINSKA, Jan BREZA

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The aim of our analysis was to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the procurement program and kidney transplantation in Slovakia and to identify the risk factors for a severe course of COVID-19 disease, as well as the risk factors for COVID-19 fatalities, with the focus on the parameters preceding the infection. We compared morbidity and mortality from COVID-19 before and after the spread of the alpha variant of the virus and the same among transplant (KTRs) and haemodialysis patients in Slovakia.
METHODS: 305 KTRs (68.8 % males) with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 positivity were included in the multicentric retrospective analysis. The patients were split into subgroups based on the time of falling ill and their clinical course.

RESULTS: The procurement program and kidney transplants in Slovakia dropped in the observed period by 28.6 % (p<0.0001) and by 33.5 % (p<0.0001) respectively. Age over 59 years (p=0.0088) and diabetes mellitus (p=0.0106) were identified as independent risk factors for severe course of the disease. Risk factors for death were the age over 59 years (p=0.0003) and graft dysfunction with CKD-EPI<0.5 mL/s (p=0.0029). The prevalence of the alpha variant in Slovakia was associated with a severe course in KTRs treated with corticoids (p=0.0273) and in graft dysfunction with CKD-EPI<0.5 mL/s (p=0.0076); the risk of death was higher in KTRs over 59 years (p=0.0173) and again with CKD-EPI<0.5 mL/s (p=0.0393). KTRs had a 3.7 times lower risk of infection compared to the haemodialysis patients (p<0.0001), with mortality of 9.8 % vs 30 % (p<0.0001).

CONCLUSION: The procurement and transplant program is sustainable even during a pandemic, provided that measures are set up quickly. Morbidity and mortality from COVID-19 in KTRs was comparable to the situation in EU countries. Patients in the haemodialysis program had a worse prognosis (Tab. 5, Fig. 1, Ref. 21)

Keywords: COVID-19, kidney transplantation, dialysis, immunosuppression, obesity, diabetes mellitus
Published online: 14-Apr-2022
Year: 2022, Volume: 123, Issue: 5 Page From: 315, Page To: 321
doi:10.4149/BLL_2022_049


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