Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2022 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.123, No.9, p.601–617, 2022

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.123, No.9, p.601–617, 2022

Title: The stringency of the containment measures in response to COVID-19 inversely correlates with the overall disease occurrence over the epidemic wave
Author: Roman MEZENCEV, Cyril KLEMENT

Abstract: Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) were the only viable choice to mitigate or suppress transmission of COVID-19 in the absence of efficient and safe vaccines. In this study, we examined the association between the stringency of containment measures and cumulative incidence of the COVID-19 cases in the first wave of the pandemic across 28 European countries. Our results support the effectiveness of containment measures in the mitigation or suppression of COVID-19 epidemics. Early adoption of stringent containment measures prior to detection of the first confirmed case, together with ramping up containment stringency during the early days of epidemics, was associated with a lower disease occurrence. The delayed adoption of stringent containment measures did not fully compensate for the lack of early response. Containment measures continue to play a significant role in the control of COVID-19 in the post-vaccination period, when limited vaccination coverage, the emergence of vaccine resistance, and/or increased mobility enabled further disease transmission (Tab. 4, Fig. 22, Ref. 50).

Keywords: non-pharmaceutical interventions, containment, COVID-19, mobility, social distancing, Containment and Health Index, epidemiology, public health measures, SARS-CoV-2
Published online: 09-Aug-2022
Year: 2022, Volume: 123, Issue: 9 Page From: 601, Page To: 617

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