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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.564

 

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BLL_2022_132

Title: Vitamins C and E protect from sepsis-induced lung damage in rat and CT correlation
Author: Nur CANBOLAT, Bahattin OZKUL, Ibrahim Halil SEVER, Ibrahim SOGUT, Ebru EROGLU, Yigit UYANIKGIL, Oytun ERBAS

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the leading causes of death in intensive care units worldwide. Vitamins C and E are natural antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents. Suppressing the inflammation is an important treatment target because it plays a role in the pathophysiology of sepsis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamins C and E treatment in rats with sepsis-induced lung damage.
METHODS: In this animal study, fecal intraperitoneal injection procedure (FIP) was performed on 30 of 40 rats included for creating a sepsis model. Rats were randomly assigned into four groups: Group 1, control group (no procedure was applied, n = 10), Group 2, FIP (untreated septic group n = 10), Group 3, FIP+vitC (treated with 500 mg/kg/day ascorbic acid, n = 10), and Group 4, FIP+vitE (treated with 300 mg/kg/day alpha-tocopherol, n = 10). Chest CT was performed in all rats and density of the lungs was measured by using Hounsfield unit (HU). Histopathological examination of lung damage was performed, and blood samples were collected for biochemical analysis.
RESULTS: TNF-α, CRP, IL 1-β, IL-6, and MDA plasma levels in groups treated with vitamin C or vitamin E were lower than in the FIP group. Histological scores in groups treated either with vitamin C or vitamin E were significantly lower as compared to those in the FIP group. The HU value of lung in groups treated wither with vitamin C or vitamin E were lower than that in the FIP group (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The rats treated either with vitamin C or E showed improved results for sepsis. We think that they can be used as adjuvant therapy for septic patients because of their effectivity and low costs (Tab. 3, Fig. 2, Ref. 27).

Keywords: acute lung injury, sepsis, vitamin C, vitamin E, antioxidant
Published online: 26-Aug-2022
Year: , Volume: , Issue: Page From: , Page To:
doi:10.4149/BLL_2022_132


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