Home Neoplasma 2022 Neoplasma Vol.69, No.6, p. 1418–1424, 2022

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.69, No.6, p. 1418–1424, 2022

Title: TLR2 and TLR4 in colorectal cancer: relationship to tumor necrosis and markers of systemic inflammation
Author: Karoliina Paarnio, Juha P Väyrynen, Sara A Väyrynen, Tiina Kantola, Timo Karhu, Taina Tervahartiala, Kai Klintrup, Timo Sorsa, Tuula Salo, Jyrki Mäkelä, Tuomo J Karttunen

Abstract: In colorectal cancer (CRC), systemic inflammation is associated with poor prognosis, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully characterized. Tumor necrosis may contribute to systemic inflammation by inducing interleukin (IL)-6 signaling, and proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and IL-8, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 also are linked to adverse CRC outcomes. Because Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important mediators of inflammatory responses, we investigated the roles of TLR2 and TLR4 in CRC-associated systemic inflammatory responses, especially tumor necrosis. In 118 patients with CRC, extensive tumor necrosis was associated with low TLR4 expression in tumor cells. Tumor cell TLR4 expression was inversely correlated with serum IL-6 and MMP-8 levels, blood total leukocyte and neutrophil counts, and serum C-reactive protein levels. Tumor cell TLR2 expression was not significantly associated with necrosis or systemic inflammation, but low expression in normal mucosa was linked to high serum MMP-8 and IL-8. These findings indicate that tumor necrosis is associated with low TLR4 expression in cancer cells and that low TLR4 expression correlates with a strong systemic inflammatory response. The low TLR2 expression in normal mucosa and its association with systemic inflammation suggest that the normal mucosa may reflect or contribute to the systemic inflammatory response.

Keywords: TLR2; TLR4; tumor necrosis; systemic inflammation, colorectal cancer
Published online: 20-Oct-2022
Year: 2022, Volume: 69, Issue: 6 Page From: 1418, Page To: 1424

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