Home Bratislava Medical Journal 2023 Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.124, No.3, p.212–220, 2023

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Published Monthly, in English
Founded: 1919
ISSN 0006-9248
(E)ISSN 1336-0345

Impact factor 1.564


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Bratislava Medical Journal Vol.124, No.3, p.212–220, 2023

Title: Long-term results of myocardial revascularization in patients with multivessel disease
Author: Maira Izmatovna MADIYEVA, Marat A ARIPOV, Yuriy V PYA, Alexej Y GONCHAROV, Gulmira N SHAKIROVA

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Choosing the method of revascularization – coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) – remains debatable.
METHODS: We selected 406 patients with multivessel disease who underwent PCI with a drug-eluting stent (DES) (n = 200, 100 with a SYNTAX score (SS) ≤ 22 and 100 with a SS 23–32); and CABG (n = 206, 100 with a SS ≤ 22 and 106 with a SS 23–32). The mean follow-up period was 9±1.9 years. The endpoints of the study were as follows: major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (МАССЕ), a repeat revascularization (RR), diminished left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and high SS in dynamics.
RESULTS: Patients with an intermediate SS needed RR more often with PCI than after CABG (64 % vs 22.6 %; HR: 3.52; CI: 2.19–5.66; р < 0.001). We found no significant differences for other MACCE between the groups. The decrease in LVEF was greater in the low SS subgroup in operated patients than after PCI (39.5 % vs 27.7 %; HR: 0.57; CI: 0.34–0.98; p = 0.04). The difference between the initial and final SS, was greater after the CABG than after PCI (43.5 % vs 10.9 %; HR: 0.26; CI: 0.14–0.47; р < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: After 9 ± 1.9 years in intermediate SS group CABG exhibited an advantage over PCI with DES in terms of the MACCE indicators due to a smaller number of RR in the CABG group. The CABG group showed a more significant progression of atherosclerosis, and more heart failure cases (Tab. 2, Fig. 4, Ref. 29). Text in PDF www.elis.sk

Keywords: coronary artery disease, coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention, SYNTAX score
Published online: 03-Jan-2023
Year: 2023, Volume: 124, Issue: 3 Page From: 212, Page To: 220

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