Home Slovenská hudba 2022 Slovenská hudba, Vol. 48, No 3, p.214-271, 2022

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Slovenská hudba, Vol. 48, No 3, p.214-271, 2022

Title: Zobcová flétna jako koncertní nástroj
Author: Katrin Sáčková

Abstract: A Position of the Recorder as a Concert Instrument

The study briefly presents the terminological issues concerning the recorder, then the development of its construction from the Middle Ages to the Baroque period and, last but not least, the history of this instrument. The main focus of the study is the position of the recorder as a concert instrument in Italy, England and Germany. Concertante works with recorder are in the centre of attention, namely a solo concerto, a concerto for multiple solo instruments, a chamber concerto and a concerto grosso. In these mentioned types of concertos, we encounter different types of recorders. In Italy, the alto and soprano recorders dominated. Only in one case do we find both a tenor and a bass recorder, namely in Alessandro Marcello’s chamber concerto. In England, the so-called sixth flute and fifth flute (soprano recorders) were widely used, less so the alto and sopranino recorders. On the other hand, in Germany the alto recorder kept its primary position, the other types of recorders are not found here. The only exception is the use of the bass recorder as part of the instrument group in the concerto grosso by the composer Johann David Heinichen.
The recorder together with other instruments – whether solo or accompanying – creates both traditional and unique combinations in concertante pieces. The pairing of recorders or the combination of recorders with oboes and bassoons, or with violins, was quite popular. But we also find unprecedented and strange combinations of recorders with transverse flutes, clarinets, trumpets, French horns, mandolins, theorbos or chalumeaux, as well as the accompaniment of several recorders. The most used accompaniment to the solo recorder was various combinations of string instruments, exceptionally with the addition of a wind instrument in the orchestra.

Published online: 28-Sep-2022
Year: 2022, Volume: 48, Issue: 3 Page From: 214, Page To: 271

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