Home General Physiology and Biophysics 2023 General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.42, No.2, p. 135–148, 2023

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Quarterly, 80 pp. per issue
Founded: 1982
ISSN  1338-4325 (online)

Published in English

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General Physiology and Biophysics Vol.42, No.2, p. 135–148, 2023

Title: Testicular cytoprotective effect of glucagon like peptide-1 in diabetic rats involves inhibition of apoptosis, endoplasmic reticulum stress and activation of autophagy
Author: Elshymaa A. Abdel-Hakeem, Nagwa M. Zenhom, Sahar A. Mokhemer

Abstract: This study aimed to explore the possible cytoprotective effects of exenatide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, in the testicles of diabetic rats. Exenatide has numerous advantageous properties in addition to its hypoglycemic effect. However, its impact on testicular tissue in diabetes needs more clarification. Therefore, rats were divided into control, exenatide-treated, diabetic and exenatide-treated diabetic groups. Blood glucose and serum levels of insulin, testosterone, pituitary gonadotropins and kisspeptin-1 were measured. Real-time PCR for beclin-1, p62, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), were estimated in testicular tissue in addition to markers of oxidative stress, inflammation, and endoplasmic reticulum stress. Also, immuno-expression of protein P53, nuclear erythroid factor2 (Nrf2) and vimentin was conducted. Exenatide was able to attenuate diabetic toxic changes and enhance autophagy in testicular tissue. These results indicate the protective effect of exenatide against diabetic testicular dysfunction.

Keywords: GLP-1 — Exenatide — Diabetes — Testicular dysfunction — Autophagy — AMPK
Published online: 13-Mar-2023
Year: 2023, Volume: 42, Issue: 2 Page From: 135, Page To: 148

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