Home Neoplasma 2023 Neoplasma Vol.70, No.1, p. 123–135, 2023

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Founded: 1954
ISSN 0028-2685
ISSN 1338-4317 (online)

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Neoplasma Vol.70, No.1, p. 123–135, 2023

Title: Cathepsin C promotes colorectal cancer metastasis by regulating immune escape through upregulating CSF1
Author: Yun-Zhi DANG, Xiao-Jiao CHEN, Jiao YU, Shu-Hong ZHAO, Xi-Ming CAO, Qing WANG

Abstract: Since metastasis remains the primary reason for colorectal cancer (CRC) associated death, a better understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying CRC metastasis is urgently needed. Here, we elucidated the role of Cathepsin C (CTSC) in promoting CRC metastasis. The expression of CTSC was detected by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry in the human CRC cohort. The metastatic capacities of CTSC-mediated metastasis were analyzed by in vivo metastasis model. Elevated CSTC expression was positively associated with tumor differentiation, tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, and AJCC stage and indicated poor prognosis in human CRC. CTSC overexpression in CRC cells promoted myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) recruitment by the CSF1/CSF1R axis. In contrast, the knockdown of CSF1 reduced CTSC-mediated MDSCs and TAMs infiltration and CRC metastasis. Depletion of either MDSCs or TAMs decreased CTSC-mediated CRC metastasis. In human CRC tissues, CTSC expression was positively associated with intratumoral MDSCs and TAMs infiltration. Furthermore, the combination of CTSC inhibitor AZD7986 and anti-PD-L1 antibody blocked CTSC-induced CRC metastasis. CTSC overexpression promoted MDSCs and TAMs infiltration by CSF1/CSF1R axis. Interruption of this oncogenic loop may provide a promising treatment strategy for inhibiting CTSC-driven CRC metastasis.

Keywords: colony stimulating factor 1; myeloid-derived suppressor cell; tumor-associated macrophage; AZD7986
Published online: 14-Mar-2023
Year: 2023, Volume: 70, Issue: 1 Page From: 123, Page To: 135

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