Home Slovenská hudba 2023 Slovenská hudba, Vol. 49, No 1, p.14-33, 2023

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Slovenská hudba, Vol. 49, No 1, p.14-33, 2023

Title: „O večných začiatkoch“. Zápas o položenie základov modernej slovenskej hudby
Author: Markéta Štefková

Abstract: “About Eternal Beginnings” : The Battle for Foundations of the Modern Slovak Music
The study monitors the endeavours to establish a founding personality or generation of the modern Slovak music. The crystallization of a national identity of the Slovak artificial music was intricate because of a strong cultural background in the former Austria-Hungary until 1918, and due to close bonds with the Czech environment. In the 19th century the most important representative aspiring to the post of “the Slovak national composer” was Ján Levoslav Bella. Unfortunately, during his life no institutional background of the Slovak music existed at all, therefore he spent majority of his prolific years abroad and used the miscellaneous impulses from Hungarian folklore in his work. After the disintegration of the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy and the establishment of the First Czechoslovak Republic the infrastructure of the Slovak musical life was built gradually and unity with Czechs and bonds to Czech music culture were accentuated. It was namely Vítězslav Novák, at whose Master School the representatives of the Slovak music modernism completed their compositional education. From this generation Eugen Suchoň was the closest to the creation of the characteristic idiom of the Slovak artificial music. Inspired by European music modernism he integrated the elements of Slovak folklore into his musical language. However, a definite opinion regarding Suchoň’s position in the development of Slovak music has not crystallized yet. The final evaluation of his significance has remained the task for future generations of music historians, after gaining a sufficient distance from the social-political circumstances surrounding his work, from inter-generational conflicts among the Slovak composers and from personal bonds extending to the present.

Keywords: Slovak music modernism; composer; generation; Eugen Suchoň
Published online: 03-Apr-2023
Year: 2023, Volume: 49, Issue: 1 Page From: 14, Page To: 33

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